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CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)


The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the most coveted law entrance exam for admissions to as many as 2252 seats in five-year integrated law programmes including BA LLB, B.Com LLB and B.Sc LLB and is conducted every year by a National Law University (NLU) among the 17 member NLUs of the CLAT Committee, by rotation in the order of their establishment. It is an online objective test conducted for admission to law universities. It is a single level test and selection is based on rank-preference criteria of the candidates.

CLAT Eligibility

Candidates should have passed Higher Secondary School/Intermediate Examination (10+2) or its equivalent examination with not less than 45% marks in aggregate (40% in case of SC/ST and persons with Disability).

There is no age bar for appearing in CLAT.

Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination can also appear provisionally. However, they shall have to produce proof of having passed the qualifying examination before or at the time of admission with detailed mark sheet.

Candidate with compartment/supplementary in any subject in the qualifying examination will not be eligible for admission.

Analysis of CLAT examination

Maximum Marks : 200

Duration of CLAT Examination : 02:00 Hours

Total Number of Questions : 200 questions of  one mark each

 Sr. No.          Subjects                                                       

1.                 English including Comprehension (40 Marks)

2.                 General Knowledge and Current Affairs (50 Marks)

3.                 Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) (20 Marks)

4.                 Legal Aptitude (50 Marks)

5.                 Logical Reasoning (40 Marks)

English including Comprehension - Vocabulary had a lion's share of the question types in the test, with questions on synonyms, analogies, cloze passage, contextual meaning and confusables. There were two Reading Comprehension passages, a long one with 10 questions on it and a shorter one with 3 questions on it. There were two types of grammar questions - error identification and marking the incorrect sentences. Many students felt the section was a bit challenging, especially the vocabulary component of the section. Around 30-32 could be considered a good score in the section.

General Knowledge & Current Affairs - The section was a mixed bag, with an equal distribution between static GK and current affairs. A well-prepared student who follows current affairs would not have found it too challenging. Around 36-38 could be considered a good score in the section.

Elementary Mathematics - There were 6 questions in Numbers which required strong understanding of the concepts of L.C.M, remainder theorem, last digits, etc. Two problems in simplifications were based on indices. Probability and P&C problems were of moderate difficulty level. Three problems in simple equation were easy. There was one problem from Time and Distance which was difficult. There were 5 questions from Data Interpretation, which were perceived to be simple. Around 12-14 could be considered a good score.

Legal Aptitude - This section threw a major surprise as Legal GK made a re-appearance after several years. There were around 15 Principle-Facts questions, 10 Assertion-Reasoning questions, and the rest based on legal GK. This section would therefore have turned out to be a scoring area and a key differentiator to those who prepared well on the legal GK terminology and current legal affairs in the country. Around 36-38 could be considered a good score.

Logical Reasoning - This was the trickiest part of the paper with new and interesting question types. There were 3 Fact, Inference and Judgement questions, 3 questions from Data Sufficiency and 5 syllogism questions. There was one question on direction sense, three on blood relations, one on linear arrangement and one on calendars. Eight questions were from coding and decoding. These were the easier questions.

          There were two sets of puzzles, both time-consuming and difficult. The first puzzle was about a leaked answer key and eight students who were suspected to have the key. The second puzzle was regarding four friends who interchange their belongings among each other. Not many students would have had the luxury of time to have been able to solve these sets. Around 26-28 could be considered a good score in the section.

 Admission Procedure

The admission to UG and PG programme in participating universities under CLAT-2016 shall be done through centralized counseling conducted by CLAT office. The basis of allotment of seats shall be merit-cum-preference. That is CLAT score and order of preference given by the candidate in the CLAT application form. Online counselling shall start after the declaration of CLAT-2016 results. The entire procedure shall be completed as per the CLAT calendar which is available on CLAT website.

The stepwise procedure which shall be adopted by CLAT office after declaration of result for admission is as follows:


Publication of first indicative list based on merit cum preference

The university-wise first indicative list based on merit-cum-preference will be published on CLAT website.


Payment of counselling fee and exercising of option by provisionally selected candidates

1. A specified number of candidates from various categories will be allowed to participate in the counselling process against an actual number of seats available with participating NLUs.

2. The provisionally selected candidates must deposit the requisite counselling fee of 50,000/-.

3. The adjustable counselling fee of 50,000/- deposited with the CLAT office will be transferred to the respective participating NLU where the candidate has finally

taken admission after the completion of the entire admission process.

4. The candidates failing to deposit the requisite counselling fee through the CLAT website by the specified date will lose their right to be considered for admission under CLAT-2016 and their names will be dropped from the CLAT-2016 merit list.

5. The candidates have to reserve their seats after paying the counselling fee by following the procedure prescribed in counselling guidelines given on the CLAT-2016 website.


Publication of the second list having the names of finalized candidates after payment of counselling fee and additional waitlisted candidates

1. The CLAT office shall publish a second list of candidates who have paid their counselling fee and reserved their seat in the participating NLUs.

2. A list of waitlisted candidates will also be released in the second list who are provisionally selected against dropped out candidates if any.

3. The additional candidates are also required to pay the requisite counselling fee of 50,000/- and reserve their seat within the prescribed time period as per the CLAT calendar.

4. The provisionally selected candidates can withdraw from the admission process within stipulated time as per the CLAT calendar. A nominal fee of Rupees 10,000/- will be deducted from the deposited counselling fee

5. Any withdrawal after the stipulated period will result in forfeiture of the entire amount of counselling fee.


Publication of the third list allotting seats to candidates

1. The CLAT office shall publish a comprehensive third allotment list of candidates who have paid their counselling fee and reserved their seat in the participating NLUs.

2. The comprehensive list shall include the name of candidates who have paid the counselling fee against the first and second indicative list.

3. A list of waitlisted candidates will also be released along with the third allotment list who are provisionally selected against dropped out candidates.

4. These candidates are also required to pay the requisite counselling fee and reserve their seat within the prescribed time period as per the CLAT calendar.


Completion of admission formalities at the allotted NLUs

1. After the candidates are finally allotted seats in participating NLUs, they will be required to approach the allotted NLU with the balance amount towards the admission and other fees.

2. The candidates will also have to carry relevant certificates/documents in original issued by the competent authority in support of the various claims made by the candidates, during the scheduled periods given in CLAT-2016 calendar and complete their admission formalities.

3. The certificates in original will be checked by the respective universities at the time of their admission. (For detailed information/updates about the scheduled dates, the candidates must refer to CLAT-2016 calendar as updated from time to time).

4. The candidates not possessing the required certificates/documents in original or failing to meet the eligibility requirements will not be allowed to seek admission in participating NLUs.

5. The candidates seeking admission under various categories specially those belonging to the reserved categories such as SC/ST/OBC/Specially abled person/DFF/NRI and the unreserved category candidates seeking admission under state domicile category, will be required to obtain the relevant and authentic certificates/documents from the competent authorities and produce the same at the time of admission in the concerned NLU.

6. Those candidates who fail to report at the allotted NLU after the publication of CLAT merit list and fail to complete the admission formalities as per CLAT-2016 calendar will automatically lose their claim for admission and their entire amount of the counselling fee of 50,000/- will be forfeited.

List of Law Colleges accepting CLAT score:

Name of the Institution                                                       

National Law School of India University Bangalore (Year of joining CLAT 2008)

Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad (Year of joining CLAT 2008)

The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (Year of joining CLAT 2008)

National Law Institute University, Bhopal    (Year of joining CLAT 2008)

National Law University, Jodhpur (Year of joining CLAT 2008)

Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (Year of joining CLAT 2008)

Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (Year of joining CLAT 2008)                

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow (Year of joining CLAT 2009)

Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (Year of joining CLAT 2009)

Chanakya National Law University, Patna (Year of joining CLAT 2009)

National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi, (Year of joining CLAT 2009)

National Law University, Orissa, Cuttack, (Year of joining CLAT 2012)

National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi (Year of joining CLAT 2012)

National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam, Guwahati (Year of joining CLAT 2012)

Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (Year of joining CLAT 2014)

Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (Year of joining CLAT 2014)

Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai (Year of joining CLAT 2016)




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